Print ISSN: 2617-9547

Online ISSN: 2617-9555

Volume 2, Issue 2

Volume 2, Issue 2, Autumn 2002


Measurement of Beauty in Architecture

Sahar Kharrufa

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 86-93

Abstract
Several years ago an attempt was made to measure the beauty of the
architectural design. The objective was to prepare the design for evaluation by a
computer. It was found that such measurement was very complicated and requires
much more research. Several more attempts were made to fill in ih" gup. but the total
picture remained unclear. This paper attempts to draw a map for futuri work.
The object of beauty in architecture depends on content and form. Content
includes function and symbol. But the subject is complicated by the fact that beauty is
subjective and changes according to viewer, time, and place.
الملخص
جرت قبل عدة سنین محاولة بخثیة لقیاس جمال العمل المعماری رقمیا بحیث یمکن إعداد برنامج
بالحاسبة یساعد المصمم على تقییم نتاجه. وقد أکتشف من البحث أن القیاس معقد جدا ویحتاج إلى العدید من
البحوث. وقد جرت عدة محاولات لاحقة لإغناء الموضوع ولکن لا زالت معالم المشکلة العامة غیر واضحة.
هذا البحث یحاول تطویر هیکلیة توضح العناصر التی یجب قیاسها لکی یمکن إصدار الحکم الجمالی رقمیا".
یعقد موضوع قیاس الجمال أن الجمال نفسه عنصر متغیر کما أنه ذاتی ویتغیر حسب شخصیة
المتلقی والزمان والمکان. یعتمد الجمال المعماری على عناصر تشمل المضمون والشکل المعماری. یشمل المضمون
الخصائص الرمزیة والوظیفیة للمشرو ع. أما الشکل فیتألف من أولیات شکلیة Primitivesn' الهرم أو الکرة. یمکن تجمع هذه الأشکال لتکوین شکل أعقد. کما یتأثر الشکل بعامل الإدراک البصری للمتلقی وخواص المواد التی یتألف منها.

The Theory and its Reflection Research about the Theory of Architecture

asaad Yacoob; Aday abas Abood

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 74-85

Abstract
The theoretical side is very important in Architecture because the Architecture in one of its
announcements is just material acumilate which reflects a thoughtfut dimension to know more
about effect and affect, we have to make clear the theoretical sides that reflects on and reflects
from it according to that theoretical dimension which takes it effects and its role in defining
more clear the image of Architecture in future. we have to explain exchanged effects and
affects between the Architecture and the theoretical side in the frame of a complete
dimensions for both ofthem the material and the theorical'
الملخص
العمارة فی أحد تعاریفها الأولیة کیان حضاری مادی یعکس بعدا فکریا تؤثر فی محیطها وتتأثر
فیه لتکون مرآة لواقعها وخصوصا البعد الفکری ، یبرز فی هذا الإطار الأثر المتنامی لظاهرة العولمة
وما تطرحه من فکر ینعکس بدوره على البعد الثقافی عامة والعمارة بصورة خاصة لیبلور بدوره
صیغة خاصة للتطبیق فی ظل البنى الفکریة والتحدیات التی تطرحها لیتحدد هدف البحث فی ظل
غیاب الصورة الواضحة حول خصوصیة الانعکاس لفکر العولمة فی العمارة. و صورة الانعکاس لهذا الفکر فی العمارة وبما یضمن حالة الاستیعاب له . یتصدى البحث للعولمة کمفهوم من خلال بیان أبعاده وجوانبه لیستعرض إلى دور المفهوم وحضوره فی الواقع وبیان بعده المستقبلی فی بلورة التوجهات العامة والخاصة حیث تتراوح وجهات النظر فی هذا الإطار بین مبشر أو محذر ، بین من یعتبر العولمة القدر الذی لا مفر منه وبین مقلل من أهمیتها، لینتقل البحث إلى الخوض فی أبعاد المفهوم من خلال بیان بعده اللغوی ومنه إلى تعریف بأبعاده
وجوانبه وما یثیره من جدل وعلاقته بالهویة وبما یضمن استیعاب المفهوم فی بعده العام ، لینتقل
البحث بدوره إلى انعکاس المفهوم فی العمارة وما یفرزه من مؤثرات وبالتالی بیان خصوصیة التطبیق.

Displacement in Architecture An Analytical Study in Contemporary Mosques Design

Parizat Qassim hussein Fehmi; Nada khteer Al‐Nouaimi; Anwar Subhi Ramdan Al-Qaraghuli

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 117-133

Abstract
Previous architectural studies have presented new concems for contemporary
design of mosques. These concems were raised on both academic and professional
levels. what is significant is to elaborate on special aspects of these concems, instead of limited understanding without it being comprehensive enough to utilizc the mental
and intellectual content in the local meliue.
Displacement represents a major concern specially its relationship to concepts
and forms; and what the design process aims at to achieve uniqueness in expression. It is possible to enterprite unique qualities in ideas expressed architecturally as a
displacement of current types, which is founded on a deep design problem.
This paper discusses displacement with the abore rtat"d context, aiming to
achieve. a contemporary frame work theory a discussion of current theories Ind application to achieve a distinguish mosque aichitecture.
الملخص
لقد أفرزت الطروحات المعماریة المعاصرة أفکار ومفاهیم جدیدة وتزاید الاهتمام بهذه المفاهیم، وتم
تداولها محلیا على الصعید الأکادیمی والمهنی وإن ما یبدو مهما الآن هو توضیح خصوصیة مثل تلک المفاهیم
بدلا من الاقتصار على تردیدها بدون أن یصاحبها وعی یهدف إلى توظیف فحوى الفکر على مفردات الواقع
المحلی. ومن بین أهم تلک المفاهیم برز مفهوم الإزاحة وعلاقته بمسألة الفکرة والشکل وما تهدف من خلاله
العملیة التصمیمیة إلى التفرد فی الفکرة... وجودة التعبیر عنها بالشکل، إذ یمکن تفسیر التفرد بالعمل
المعماری على أنه إزاحة للتفکیر عن النمط السائد والمستند إلى معالجة المشکلة التصمیمیة بعمق بعیدا عن
المعالجات السطحیة. یوفر هذا البحث مناقشة لمفهوم الإزاحة وفق الفکر المعماری المعاصر للکشف عن الإطار النظری... من خلال مناقشة أهم الطروحات النظریة والممارسات التطبیقیة لهذا المفهوم بالوصف والتحلیل والترکیز
على أهم الأسس التی استند علیها مفهوم الإزاحة لخلق الأعمال المعماریة المتفردة ومنها عمارة المساجد.

Building the Measure of the Coherence of Space Organization as a Social Phenomenon

Bahjat Rashad Shahin; Wadah Abdu lSaheb Al-Musouy

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 148-157

Abstract
The sequence of values and sociality labilies fill with meanings and sample, and its
reflects the nature ofreaotion between a man and nature, because man doesn't part his urbain
and Social nature from each other.
From that, we can considered the spatial organization as a social phenomena, because
it's more than collecting spatials, but it's represent a social fact, it's an Expression ofthe
Social behavior for persons and groups who live it.
So in Spatial organization we can see the bond between each person, and we can
dinguses the Social relations, and we oan see the Social problem through it.
And although of the previous studies and researches as considered that Social fact, but
it's still very limited, and in fact we can considered that the urbain design for the Spatial
organization type for the urbain nature, can be considered as animaginery process lor what
kind ofreaction should be taken place between man and nature.
الملخص
أن نسق القیم والعادات الاجتماعیة ملئ بالمعانی والرموز، وهو یعکس طبیعة التفاعل بین الإنسان وبیئته.
فالانسان لا یفصل بیئته الحضریة و الاجتماعیة بعضها عن بعض. فی ضوء ذلک، یعد التنظیم الفضائی (Organization Spatial) ظاهرة اجتماعیة، فهو أکثر من مجرد تجمیع للفضاءات، لأنه یمثل حقیقة اجتماعیة. أذ یعد تعبیرا عن الممارسات الاجتماعیة للأفراد و الجماعات الذین یعیشون فیه، ففی التنظیم الفضائی تتجلى ارتباطات افراد الجماعة بعضهم ببعض، و تتشخص العلاقات الاجتماعیة المتبادلة، و تظهر بوادر المشاکل الاجتماعیة خلالها.
وبالرغم من ان الدراسات و البحوث السابقة قد اخذت هذه الحقیقة الاجتماعیة، الا أنها لا زالت ذات إسهامات
محدودة الى حد کبیر، و الواقع ان التصمیم الحضری لانماط التنظیم الفضائی للبیئة الحضریة، یعد بمثابة عملیة
تصوریة لما یجب أن تکون علیه طبیعة التفاعل بین الإنسان و البیئة.
بناءا على ذلک، صاغ البحث مشکلته العامة بصیغة السؤال التالی:-
کیف یتعامل المهندس المعماری مع التنظیم الفضائی بأعتباره ظاهرة اجتماعیة؟

Evaluation of the Metaphorical Image in Architecture : A Study of the Elements of a Good Metaphor in the Iraqi Cultural Environment

Ali Haidar Al-jamel; Naam Behnam Minouna

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 197-219

Abstract
The metaphorical image represented in the architectural works was subjected to
evaluation by different social sectors perceiving them in the society. Despite the
diversity in the studies related to metaphorical image. In addition, the special
standards forwarded for metaphorical image were dependent on selective formula as
they were conjugated with the cultural context to which the critic belongs giving such
interpretations. These studies.could not formulate a theoretical framework comprised
cultural contexts. Its methodology concentrated ontheconstructionof atheoretical
framework, the isolation of the variables related its main aspects, the clarification of
its measurements and the performance of a selected field study which includes the
main aspects of the evaluation process.
This papers aims to determine and describe factors influencing evaluation of the
metaphorical image in architecture according to certain architectural patterns to
specimen from Iraqi environment. The framework included aspects represented by the
metaphorical process, perception and evaluation.
Using a special methodology the research hypotheses were checked and the data
were processed using the computer software SPSS for statistical analysis.
الملخص
الصورة الاستعاریة المتجسدة فی النتاجات المعماریة للتقییم من المتلقین الممثلین لشرائح
اجتماعیة مختلفة. وعلى الرغم من تعدد الدراسات ذات العلاقة بموضوع التقییم للصور الاستعاریة ، الا انها
اتسمت بکونها ذات طبیعة وصفیة شاملة لبعض من الجوانب المرتبطة بالموضوع وغیر الشاملة لجوانب
اخرى، اضافة الى کون ما تم طرحه من معاییر خاصة بالصور الاستعاریة اعتمدت الصیغ الانتقائیة کونها
ارتبطت بقیم السیاق الثقافی الذی ینتمی الیه الناقد المعنی بتلک الطروحات بما لم تمکن تلک الدراسات من
بلورة اطار نظری یضم الجوانب الاساسیة الداخلة فی عملیة التقییم .  ومن هنا تبرز الفجوة فی المعرفة العملیة عن ما هی العوامل المؤثرة فی تقییم الصورة الاستعاریة فی  سیاق ثقافی معین وما هی المقومات الخاصة بالصور الاستعاریة الجیدة التی تکتسب تقییمات ایجابیة من  متلقیها ووفقا لسیاقاتهم الثقافیة الخاصة .
ان البحث یهدف الى تحدید ووصف العوامل المؤثرة فی تقییم الصورة الاستعاریة فی العمارة وطبقا  لسیاقات ثقافیة معینة، وترکزت منهجیته ببناء اطار نظری وعزل المتغیرات الخاصة بجوانبه الاساسیة
وتوضیح قیاسها واجراء الدراسة المیدانیة على نماذج معماریة منتخة لاجراء التقییم ومن قبل عینة بحثیة من
المتلقین فی البیئة العراقیة

Western and Arabic Islamic Architecture Discourse

Akram Jassim Al-Akkam

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 94-116

Abstract
Many literatures concentrated on the issue of architecture discourse which identified by the
space of conceptual thought that has essential characteristics based on knowledge foundations and
distinctive historical, cultural, religious, and social dimensions. These literatures pointed to westem
architecture discourse elements and Arabic Islamic architecture discourse and cultural,
environmental and doctrinal reference, But these literatures didn''t present clear comparative picture
for those discourses.
الملخص
رکزت العدید من الطروحات على فکرة الخطاب المعماری والمعرف بالفضاء المفاهیمی الفکری ذات الخصائص
الجوهریة القائمة على اسس معرفیة وابعاد اجتماعیة ودینیة وثقافیة وتاریخیة ممیزة. واشارت تلک الطروحات الى الخطاب المعماری الغربی ومفرداته المتعددة والخطاب المعماری العربی الاسلامی وثوابته العقائدیة والبیئیة والثقافیة، الا ان تلک الطروحات لم تقدم صورة مقارنة واضحة للخطابین.
لذا یهدف التحقیق الحالی الى اجراء مقارنة بین مفردات الخطابین، مفترضا تباینا فی أسسهما البنائیة. ولتحقیق هدف الدراسة فقد اعتمد البحث على اسلوب استعراض الادبیات النظریة المرکزة.
اوضحت النتائج تباین الخطابین فی غالبیة المفردات والتی تشمل النظرة تجاه الوجود الانسانی فی الکون واسلوب فهم العالم الخارجی، طبیعة الانسان، مرجعیة الخطاب وطبیعته، اعتمادیة الخطاب وهدفه وسماته، الیة البناء الفکری للخطاب واصنافه، محاور الترکیز والاهتمام، اسلوب التجسید، مجال البحث، طبیعة النظرة للجمال وسبل انتاج القیم الجمالیة وقواعدها، ادراک المکان، وجهة النظر تجاه الابداع والعمارة کثقافة واصول مرجعیتها،

Comparative features in Islamic architecture

Kabila Fares al-Maliki

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 185-196

Most of the recent architectural studies direct?d towered the necessity of using
the architectural characterization of the cultural inherited of the Islamic Architecture
in the futurist designs, in away that unified the contemporary architecture with the
historical roots.The contemporary architecture environment of the types and styles various in functions , forms and goals pushing on limitation of copying these types of traditional architectural elements , but trying to study and realize the cognitional meanings and using architectural solutions that had specific characterizations which connected with the theoretical believes which came from the cultural environment of the Islamic community in the contemporary designs. For that need ,for the designers
to use the character of the Islamic Architecture in the contemporary designs depending on architectural studies searching in these meanings which must be objectively and comprehensively for (architectural studies and researches) and (practical topics in the contemporary architecture). Monumentality is one of these meanings, which is related to the cultural environment that needs an objectively comprehensive study.
 
 
یعنى البحث بالتعمق بالدراسة التنظیریة لمفهوم النصبیة فی العمارة ، حیث إن الجهود النظریة
المبذولة فی دراسة هذا المفهوم لا تعطی الأهمیة والتعمق المطلوب فی إعطاء الأبعاد النظریة المعرفیة
الشاملة لمفهوم النصبیة فی العمارة کتوجه معماری وعمرانی ممیز ، وبالتالی عدم إمکانیة الدراسة والقیاس
والتطبیق لهذا المفهوم فی العمائر السابقة والمعاصرة ،
الشامل لمفهوم النصبیة فی العمارة بمقوماته الفکریة النابعة من البیئة الثقافیة والحضاریة والبیئة الطبیعیة
للمجتمع المعنی وارتباط هذه المستویات الفکریة بأهداف ودوافع النصبیة فی العمارة. وبشمولیة الإطار
المعرفی تم التحقق من وجود مفهوم النصبیة فی العمارة الإسلامیة کتوجه مدروس بأسالیبه التطبیقیة ودوافعه
وأهدافه معماریا وعمرانیا. أما المنهج المعتمد هو منهج الدراسة المقارنة لتحقیق أهداف البحث وذلک بدراسة النصبیة فی العمارة البابلیة والعمارة الرومانیة والعمارة الغوطیة، للخروج بالإطار المعرفی الشامل لمفهوم النصبیة،
للبحث مبرراته بأختیار هذه العمائر دون غیرها الى جانب أهتمامه بدراسة بعض التوجهات المعماریة
والعمرانیة فی العمارة الإسلامیة بغیة التحقق من وجود النصبیة فی العمارة الإسلامیة وبالتالی دوافعها
وأهدافها.

Local Environment Analysis In Urban Design Studies

Adel Said Hadi

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 173-184

The absence of clear understanding and awareness of local urban environment
analysis and its impact on urban design studies, in addition to the influence ofnew westem
architectural theories and ideas, had led to the problems ofcopying and repeating urban
design solutions by some professional architects and students .
This paper discusses the impact of local environmental analysis in preparing efficient
urban design projects.
It aimes at clarifying the importance of carrying out urban environment field studies
to bridge the gap between theory and practice in the urban design ideology.
It presents a proposed methodology to diagnose environmental problems and to find
possible solutions in the urban design projects.
 
أن غیاب الفهم والوعی الواضح لاهمیة معطیات الظروف البیئیة المحلیة وتأثیراتها فی التصامیم الحضریة
)لدى بعض الطلبة المعماریین والمهندسین) ، فضلا عن التأثر بالتیارات الفکریة المعماریة الغربیة الجدیدة أو غیرها ، أدى الى ظهور مشاکل عملیة وممارسات لاستنساخ الحلول وتکرارها.
یناقش البحث اثر تحلیلات البیئة الحضریة المحلیة واهمیتها فی اعداد تصامیم حضریة کفوءة ، ویستهدف
توضیح اهمیة الدراسات المیدانیة المتعلقة بالبیئة الحضریة المحلیة، من اجل تجسیر الفجوة بین النظریة والتطبیق فی الفکر التصمیمی لدى کافة المختصین بهذا المجال ، کما ویقدم البحث منهجیة مقترحة لفهم مشاکل البیئة الحضریة ومعالجاتها الممکنة فی مشاریع التصمیم الحضری.
 

The Design Concepts of "Shanashel", and its Effect on Functional and Environmental Performance

Saba Jabar Niema

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 134-147

The design concepts of uaditional architecture have had greet potentiality through
time for all social and environmental needs of the place and its inhabitance.
And the idea of analyzing their contents and meaning to understand their effects in
architecture on it both sides (theory and practice), in order to adapt their beneficial parameters
for modem architecture is so important for environmental design.
This research concems with one of the design concepts of the traditional houses in the
old fabric of the city which is the (Shanashel), and discuses their geometrical configuration,
formal look, and material effect to show its functional and environmental performance
(climate and acoustics). And has emphasized the later, as the facades acts as screens which
attenuate sounds due to banier theory and have good influence on acoustical environment
through diffusion and diffraction. In order to have some design parameters for architectural
design and research process within the modern look.
 
وقد مفاهیم التصمیم من الهندسة المعماریة uaditional إمکانات تحیة من خلال
الوقت لجمیع الاحتیاجات الاجتماعیة والبیئیة للمکان وسکنها.
وفکرة تحلیل محتویاتها ومعنى فهم آثارها فیها
الهندسة المعماریة علیه کلا الجانبین (النظریة والتطبیق) ، من أجل تکییف المعلمات المفیدة
لهندسة المودم مهم جدا للتصمیم البیئی.
یتصور هذا البحث أحد مفاهیم التصمیم للبیوت التقلیدیة فی
النسیج القدیم للمدینة الذی هو (شاناشیل) ، ویکشف التکوین الهندسی ،
نظرة رسمیة ، وتأثیر مادی لإظهار أدائها الوظیفی والبیئی
(المناخ والصوتیات). وقد أکد فی وقت لاحق ، حیث تعمل واجهات الشاشات التی
تخفیف الأصوات بسبب نظریة banier ولها تأثیر جید على البیئة الصوتیة
من خلال الانتشار والحیود. من أجل الحصول على بعض معاییر التصمیم للهندسة المعماریة
عملیة التصمیم والبحث داخل النظرة الحدیثة.

Preferences an office in commercial administration

Khalil ibrahim Ali; Oday Abas Abood

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 160-172

This speech resemble the Identity ofArchitecture. A task which makes busy the thinkers
and educated class people in general and the Alchitectures in special, on a basic that the
Identity resembles thoughts which are as a kind of eagemess and retuming back for the past
till the point of resembling, as to be an expression for its role to achieve Identity this research
deals with through two axis the first relate in describing the dimension and sides ofthe
references in general sight and in Architecture in special sight. The research discusses the
Architecture through explaining the linguistic and Idiomatic dimensions the philosophical
side enlighten this reality and emerge discussions about the material and thoughts which are
previously the better to limitate the research state from this discussion limited the state which
indicates the complement of the two poles materials and thoughts giving less importance to
thebestoneandneglectstheother.Theresearchshiftstotheotherexplanationofthis
thought in the Architecture medial and what it means, what is related to it thrcugh the
references which caused stress for the importance ofthe references role in architecture on one
hand and explaining its kinds and branches depending on its relation to the field of
Architecture and out side and referring to the differences according on it period or age and
cercumestances which makes it to depend on the other hand what's above has its importance
in dehning the references and it differs from it in being a collective thought due to the tribally
seen not having it collectively that means consisting the references in one of its sides due to
what is previously not announcing the references in their collectively pictures the research
indicates the role of references in achieving the Identity through depending on the association'
It means achieving a kind of connecting with the cultural and civilization heretic and the
national roots in their in their indicates the importance of references and its necessity in
achieving the Identity and indicating a smart and creative beheviour in the presence of
references not meaning it to reduce it simportance to the hibal state or shifting it to the
historical relations and become as ash through analyzing the reality of now a days
Architecture. In addition to the explanation ofhow to behave with references in the frame of
achieving the Architecture have Identity'
 
 

Specialty of Concept "Creativity " in Architecture

Maysoon Safi Yaser

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 251-260

Architecture is one of the most effective changing methods in society. It's a cultural
phenomena that reveal thoughts and believes of its society through its production. That
production must have the power to introduce the unique, and which never been known. To achieve that is what could be named "Creativity".
The object of this research is concerned with clarifying the concept "Creativity" in general, and its specialty in Architecture. The method which have been followed was by:
l. Clarifying the concept in philosophy and linguistics theories because of itsinfluence on Architecture.
2. Clarifuing the concept in different theoretical attitudes and strategies that havebeen used in Architecture.The research concluded that Creativity could be meaning both Revealing andcreation. The Revealing would be reached by passed over what have been kaown, and theCreation would be by displacement what has been known

The Relation between Spatial Organization of the City and Its Function

Wahda Shuker Al-Hinkawi

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 233-250

The city , is one of the expanded and most complex systems that the human beings
ever known, as it exist through continuous development and changing process through
time. Each generation extends substitutes , re-arranges and adopts what it inherits
before passing with to the new generation, therefore the city can be called ina
moment of time as a group of dynamic processes more than being constant facts. The
city is a product ofa large number of resolutions within its reality, having the small
and large measurement to be connected with the social structures and ideological
constructions of its occupant, that community creates over time, but remains obscure
to the individuals at any moment The obvious similarity of the cities urban structures overtime and in different parts of the world, indicates to the existence of main types of spatial organization, beyond different structures, which refer to the possibility of building theoretical concepts regarding a spatial theory of the city, through gaining access to the basic logic in creating the physical structures of the city•more over to explain the relation
between the city form and its function

Characteristics of urban housing units and their relation to the economic and social characteristics of their residents - A field study on the city of Mosul

Mumtaz Hazem Al-Doji

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 261-275

Iraqi cities have a rapid growth in their urban area with explosive population
increase. This growth is accompanied with advent of various residential pattems. The
phenomenon is conspicuously explicit in Mosul as the major urban center in the north
region of Iraq.
The hypothesis which states that residential pattems -by means of their physical
features and location within urban area- are correlated with the occupants'
characteristics including demographic, socio-economic, ethnic, cultural . . etc. is
adopted and to be tested in order to determine the nature and scope ofthis relationship
in Mosul.
 

Mechanisms for the Retrieval of Meanings in Urban Renewal

khales Hasan Al-Ashaab; Maysoun mouhy Hlal

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2002, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 276-290

The Urban strategies organized t}re materialism and formalism characteristics
of the urban fabric limiting types and distribution the activities. And the nature ofthe
use despite the difference of nature ofthese strategies but they work away to:
l - Limitate the size of the city and its expansion, for the aim ol decrease the costs of
supply the services levels, to improving the administrative systems, and prevent
the social disintegration by protecting the environmental and social characteristics
to it.
2- To recognize the land use to ensure the environmental and functional ability, to
control the traffic and the main movement and its branchs. Commonly, the urban
strategy declares on itself by its aims behind groups lrom the included and the
declared values which some of them related with the urban structure in accordance
with the past, the researching problem directed to the following axes:
I - How we can find a sensitive scale for prediction the effect of limiting Part through
the whole structure syntactically and morphologically, to carry this part a social
characteristics and the meanings system according to pre-deliberated
consideration by urban renewal plan.