Print ISSN: 2617-9547

Online ISSN: 2617-9555

Issue 2,

Issue 2


Physical Revitalization of the Historical Paths: An Analytical Study for Urban Connectivity property and Mechanisms of Physical Revitalization An Analytical Study for Urban Connectivity property and Mechanisms of Physical Revitalization

Rawan Adel Khalaf; Sana Sati Abbas

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2020, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 1-17

The historical paths  suffer from neglect for a long time as a result of inappropriate interventions and the loss of public spaces, which led to their deterioration and the loss of their urban value, The research problem was "The cognitive  need to clarify the physical revitalization as a type of sustainable revitalization patterns and the possibility of its  application to avoid urban neglect of historical paths" . Therefore, the aim of the research is to built a theoretical framework on urban connectivity property and relationship with mechanisms the physical revitalization .The research hypothesis is that "The mechanisms of physical revitalization have a role in strengthen the structural and spatial connectivity of historical paths". The research adopted the descriptive analytical method in describing and analyzing an elected local sample (Suq-Al- Safafer paths). The research found that Structural and spatial connectivity contributes to the treatment of the urban of historical paths, strengthened by the mechanisms of physical revitalization (conservation, rehabilitation, removal and reconstruction) . The research confirmed that physical revitalization if invested in a correct and sustainable way can lead to the activation of those paths.
 
تعانی المسارات التأریخیة من اهمال لفترة طویلة نتیجة التدخلات الغیر المناسبة وفقدان المساحات العامة مما ادى الى تدهورها وفقدان قیمتها العمرانیة , اذ تمثلت المشکلة البحثیة "بالحاجة المعرفیة لتوضیح اعادة الأحیاء الفیزیاوی کنمط من انماط اعادة الاحیاء المستدام و أمکانیة تطبیقه لتجنب أهمال المسارات التأریخیة عمرانیاً ". لذا فأن هدف البحث هو  بناء اطار نظری عن خاصیة الترابط الحضری للمسارات وعلاقته بالیات اعادة الاحیاء الفیزیاوی . وفرضیة البحث تتمثل " لألیات اعادة الاحیاء الفیزیاوی دوراً فی تعزیز الترابط الهیکلی و الفضائی للمسارات التاریخیة ". اعتمد البحث المنهج الوصفی التحلیلی فی وصف وتحلیل عینة محلیة منتخبة (مسار سوق الصفافیر). توصل البحث الى ان الترابط الهیکلی و الفضائی یسهم فی معالجة المسار التأریخی عمرانیاً معززاً ذلک بآلیات إعادة الإحیاء الفیزیاوی (الحفاظ ,اعادة التأهیل , الازالة واعادة البناء), و أکد البحث ان إعادة الإحیاء الفیزیاوی اذا ما تم استثمارها بطریقة صحیحة و مستدامة یمکن أن  تؤدی الى تفعیل تلک المسارات
 

The Origami Strategy in Architecture

Abbas Al –Kraza; Saja Khalid Khalaf

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2020, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 18-38

A New patterns emerged for contemporary architectural texts by exploiting an ancient Japanese art called origami art, which means folding one piece of paper to form a variety of shapes without cutting or pasting this paper, and over time the importance of this art has emerged in the field of architecture and has become of great importance in producing Architectural texts with specific characteristics. The need to study origami emerged as a strategy for text production in contemporary architecture. Where the origami strategy is defined as "a strategy to produce an origami text with distinctive design patterns inspired by different references, by means of mechanisms and techniques and according to specific characteristics. The aim of the research is to build an integrated theoretical framework describing the origami as a strategy for producing the architectural text in general and patterns of formatting the shape in light of this strategy in particular.
 
 
ظهرت انماط شکلیة جدیدة لنصوص معماریة معاصرة من خلال استغلال فن یابانی قدیم یدعى فن  الاوریغامی والذی یعنی طی قطعة واحدة من الورق لتشکیل  مجموعة متنوعة من الأشکال دون قطع أو لصق هذه الورقة , وبمرور الزمن برزت اهمیة هذا الفن فی حقل العمارة  واصبح ذو اهمیة کبیرة فی انتاج نصوص معماریة تمتاز بخصائص معینة. فظهرت الحاجة لدراسة  الاوریغامی کأستراتیجیة  لانتاج النص فی العمارة  المعاصرة. حیث تعرف  استراتیجیة الاوریغامی انها" استراتیجیة انتاج نص اوریغامی ذو انماط تصمیمة ممیزه مستوحاة من مراجع مختلفة , بواسطة الیات وتقنیات ووفق خصائص معینة . وان هدف البحث بناء اطار نظری یکامل یصف الاورغامی کأستراتیجیة لانتاج النص المعماری بصورة عامة وانماط صیاغة الشکل فی ضوء هذه الاستراتیجیة بصورة خاصة.

Low-Income Housing Provision: Between Governmental Interventions And Informal Settlements - Greater Cairo Region Between 1980s And 2010s

Hussaen Ali Hasan Kahachi; Alison Brown

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2020, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 39-50

Low-cost housing, so-called affordable housing, is an important subject as it affects many aspects of people's well-being and city planning. The urban poor, who form a respectable percentage of cities' residents in many developing countries, are the most affected segment by the availability and affordability of housing. Governments often try their best to provide affordable housing through housing interventions and programs. However, many low-income people end up in informal settlements including slums and squatter settlements.
This research analyzes state-led low-cost housing initiatives compared to informal affordable housing in developing countries. The importance of this research is mainly associated with understanding how governmental housing initiatives and laws affect the housing preferences of the urban poor.
The research starts by providing a brief background about the subject and its importance from the literature. The research uses mixed methods approach and a case study of Greater Cairo Region following the massive migration during the period between the 1980s and the 2000s to provide an in-depth understanding of the situation. The research then analyzes/discusses some housing initiatives, and uses both quantitative/qualitative data in order to explain potential malpractice and issues. Finally, the research will highlight the key findings and provide some recommendations for change/improvement.
 
 

Urban Health’s Methods and Checklist

Mohammad Alaa Al-Jafan; Soulaiman Mhanna

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2020, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 51-71

The purpose of the article is to prepare an integrated theoretical and applied framework for the concept of urban health and methodologies for its application and checking, by presenting and analyzing the relevant literature and experiences. The article includes an analytical study of the concept of urban health, and the identification of planning methodologies that have a positive impact on the health and well-being of urban residents. The article was also concerned with developing a methodology to checking that the topics of urban health are included in existing cities or in their future plans. After that, the article tended to analyze several global cities with a healthy planning direction, checking the topics of urban health in each of them and compare them, then draw lessons learned from these global experiences.
 
 
یحاول البحث بناء إطار نظری وتطبیقی متکامل لمفهوم الصحة الحضریة ومنهجیات تطبیقها والتحقق منها وذلک من خلال عرض وتحلیل عدد من الأدبیات والتجارب ذات الصلة، وفی هذا الإطار تتضمن البحث دراسة تحلیلیة لمفهوم الصحة الحضریة، وتطرق إلى تحدید المنهجیات والآلیات التطبیقیة ذات الأولویة للتخطیط الحضری التی یمکن من خلالها إحداث تأثیر إیجابی على صحة السکان ورفاههم فی المناطق الحضریة، کما اهتم البحث بتطویر منهجیة للتحقق والتأکد من أن القضایا المتعلقة بالصحة الحضریة متضمنة فی المدن القائمة أو فی خططها المستقبلیة، ثم ینتقل البحث إلى تحلیل عدد من المدن العالمیة ذات التوجه التخطیطی الصحی والتحقق من عناصر الصحة الحضریة فی کل منها ومقارنتهم ثم استخلاص النتائج والدروس المستفادة منهم.

Employing Smart Systems In Integrated Management Of Infrastructure For Housing Projects

Marwa Mohammed AL-Zaidi; Safaa Al-Deen Al-Samarae

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2020, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 72-87

Many contemporary economic and social drivers have enabled the introduction of sensor network technologies, computing and communication systems in urban infrastructure and contemporary housing projects with the aim of achieving integration between infrastructure management. As a result, the current study deals with a topic that has not been dealt with through previous studies, theses and theses in an accurate and required manner. Therefore, the aim of the research was to clarify the role of smart systems in achieving integrated management by building a comprehensive theoretical framework to be a research problem (the need for a comprehensive theoretical framework on the role of smart systems in achieving integrated management of infrastructure infrastructure related to housing projects). This goal is achieved by adopting a descriptive analytical approach that includes several stages, the first of which is the analysis of multiple studies and the extraction of the main vocabulary represented in (the basic elements of infrastructure intelligence, planning, design, monitoring and observation of Smart infrastructure). Second, applying these vocabulary to a number of global projects, then discussing the results of the practical study, and presented final conclusions , to be a knowledge base that can be used and applied to future projects.