Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Architectural Engineering, University of Technology- Iraq


Literature pointed out the impact of contextual juxtaposition on urban dynamism at the level of the townscape, urban fabric, and economic, social, and environmental aspects to promote and support urban identity and achieve urban dynamics. The research problem was diagnosed with [the lack of clarity of the various aspects of contextual juxtaposition in the urban dynamics of the historical cities and their urban scene]. Which is determined based on the research goal of clarifying the levels and objectives of the inclusion and its most important economic, social, physical, and environmental dimensions, its requirements to achieve urban dynamism. The expansion of Fatima’s Court (PBUH)), in the city of Najaf was elected as one of the contemporary involvement projects for the case study. The research depended on a quantitative-qualitative scale to measure the indicators that achieve dynamism. The research concluded that the positive impact of contextual juxtaposition begins in the social dimension, in finding dynamic urban spaces, which enhances the public space. It shows its effects in the economic dimension of contributing to finding an economic centre that competes with the current one, raises, and finds job opportunities, creating a positive context that affects the physical dimension.


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