Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of Technology / Department of Architecture Iraq / Baghdad

2 University of Basra / Department of Architecture/ Iraq - basra


Continue or discontinue scope between the previous & the current architecture and their relation to the future requires orientation to know their references related to many beliefs considering it Cultural & historical values give to architecture local identity. It also defines the degree of relationship between the human, society and its connection to the place. The beliefs are appeared by creating architecture link to cultural heritage and it is expressed by using the technology of the era. This research introduced many architectural studies to determine the research problem, which was "Lack of knowledge about the belief effect on architecture production in deferent periods, and its role to inquiry continuity & discontinuity between the past and present". The study goals are to clarify the impact of belief on the Iraqi architectural production at different periods, extending from the emergence of Iraqi architecture to the present, and to affect the differing belief at formulation structure on the level of the exterior of the building: By dividing the effect of belief into four positions. "The prevalence of religious beliefs – Multiple beliefs – Lack of beliefs – emergence new beliefs". Each position differed in its treatment according to the time limit with adopting models designed in one of position or with two together to indicate the impact of different belief in them. This research reached many conclusions and recommendations for achieving the research objective. 
المستخلص: یتطلب البحث فی مدى التواصل أو االنقطاع بین عمارة الماضی والحاضر وعالقتها بالمستقبل، التوجه لمعرفة مرجعیاتها، المرتبطة فی تناول البحث معتقدات وصفت بأنها قیم حضاریة وتاریخیة وثوابت تعطی للعمارة هویتها المحلیة. إن االهتمام بدور المعتقدات، مفهوما وأبعادا وأنواعا وتأثیرها على الفرد والمجتمع ومن ضمنها تأثیرها على العمارة تظهر فی کیفیة أنشاء عمارة ترتبط بالموروث التاریخی وتعبر عنها باستخدام تکنلوجیا العصر. یهدف البحث إلى د ارسة واستق ارء دور المعتقد فی النتاج المعماری الع ارقی خالل فترة )1960-2003 ،)لذا تطرق البحث إلى الد ارسات المعماریة وغیر المعماریة وصوال إلى بیان الفجوة المعرفیة التی تمثلت بعدم وضوح دور المعتقد فی النتاج المعماری فی فت ارت مختلفة من تاریخ العمارة الع ارقیة. وعلى ضوء ذلک تحددت المشکلة البحثیة " غیاب التصور الکافی عن أثر المعتقد على نتاجات العمارة العراقیة ودورها فی تحقیق التواصل بین الماضی والحاضر ". حیث ان أثر اختالف المعتقد فی النتاج على مستوى الشکل الخارجی للمبنى من خالل تقسیم أثر المعتقد إلى ثالثة مواقف )تعددیة المعتقدات، انعدام المعتقدات، ظهور معتقدات جدیدة(، اذ اختلف کل موقف فی أسلوب تعامله مع المعتقد وبحسب الفترة الزمنیة، مع اعتماد نماذج صممت ضمن أحد تلک المواقف أو عاصرت موقفین معا، لبیان أثر اختالف المعتقدات فیها، لینتهی البحث إلى عدد من االستنتاجات والتوصیات الخاصة بتحقیق هدف البحث.


Main Subjects

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