THE STRATEGY OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITATEL CITIESComparative study between design strategy of the development of the citadel of Aleppo and the citadel of Erbil
The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning,
2010, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 309-326
AbstractThe research deals with the impact of historical citadel on urban development for city canters and their importance in shaping the urban areas of the city, as an attempt to define the best possible strategies for urban development of historical cities and in particular (citadel cities), which represents a tourist attraction on both global and local levels.
Erbil city has been selected, as a case study for this research, since this fortress citadel having nowadays a comprehensive urban development, which creates an interactive effect for the urban fabric of the citadel and the urban fabric of the city of Erbil itself , significantly in shaping the city of Irbil through centuries and an additional importance for currently being a capital of Iraq's Kurdistan region and also an urban center which has a tourist attraction for the northern region in Iraq.
Through reviewing related studies the research problem defined as:(There is no clear perception of the strategic development for citadel of Erbil and its role in the growth of its urban center) And it has crystallized hypothesis (the urban development strategy of Erbil's citadel is affecting the integrity of the citadel with the surrounding and its historical characteristics).The research sets a vocabulary of a theoretical framework for creating a strategy of development for cities of citadel through the analysis of strategic development of the Citadel of Aleppo and the surrounding fabric by the view of many common aspects between it and Erbil's citadel, and also because the Citadel of Aleppo is considered as a global model embodies the many positive aspects in the development strategy adopted in it. By comparing these words with vocabulary development strategy adopted in Erbil's citadel, the research declares that the isolation of fortress city of Erbil, from its role as an urban node and constructive mode landmark and turn it into constructive mode (landmark)only led to the loss of integration as an urban node in the formation of the city.
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