Print ISSN: 2617-9547

Online ISSN: 2617-9555

Keywords : Urban Environment

Color Harmony in Urban Environment

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2011, Volume 10, Issue 22, Pages 192-215

Many studies have addressed the problem of visual distortion a and disharmony in urban
facades in terms of styles , formations , compositions and materials ... Etc., which reflected
negatively on the urban form and aesthetic character of the city, and as a result of imposing
of colors and clear dissonant in its design harmony .
This research deals with the concept of harmony in architecture in general and urban design in
particular, draw the most important formulas to achieve Color harmony in the urban facades,
the research problem states that "there is no clear perception of the formulas to achieve
color harmony in urban facade ", The research hypothesis in " color harmony may be
achieved in urban facade through selected harmony formulas." Research hypothesis was
tested in an urban housing project adopted, the color as a key element in the design of its
facades, after some necessary adjustments to the application in the program (Adobe
Photoshop CS5), research has concluded the following:
1 - the values of harmony achieved in different form according to the level of Color Harmony
formula approved in the design, which indicates the integration between the relations of
harmony and the formula of the Color Harmony.
2 – the change of the color harmony formula effects the value of formal harmony..

Contrast in Urban Environment

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2006, Volume 6, Issue 9, Pages 247-270

This phenomenon is one of main important concept in architecture and urban environment. Its importance came from its interlocking with other concepts such as contradiction, ambiguity, juxtaposition and paradox, for that this research came to empathize its role in the urban environment. The research starts with historic view also explain the contrast in physiological, architectural and environmental studies, after that the research studied gestalt theory and used it to define the contrast, also in determining the framework of the research.
The research problem was, there is no scientific framework for contrast in urban environment, for that the research aim was determine scientific framework for studying the contrast effect on the sense experience in urban environment, and practical in local modern urban environment to know how the contrast affected on the human psychology in urban environment, and how this empirical sense be more richness.
After that, the framework had been used in practical study in local modern urban environment through levels, elements, and methods of contrast, then the research reached its conclusions, that the contrast effect on the human psychology in urban environment through the contrast on the whole, part and element levels and the contrast elements were primary and secondary, and its accomplishing on the whole is through discontinues, while on the parts is through different.