Print ISSN: 2617-9547

Online ISSN: 2617-9555

Keywords : Townscape

Visual integration of Historic Cities Centers- Al Rasheed Street

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2016, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 81-107

Historic centers are considered as one of the main problems introduced in the contemporary literatures, The concept of visual integration was discussed in several studies on several levels (philosophical, urban, architectural), while they did not get to intensively within the studies dealing with the concept on a holistic level and in all its aspects .
The research problem defind as, "The lack of image about the concept and indicators of street visual integration " The hypothesis of Search is "Vary the effect of the elements , relationships and properties visual for elevations at the level of the Part and the whole contribute to the visual integration " The main objective of this research "to find the most important elements, relationships and properties visual affecting as Indicators measurable and verification components to contribute to the visual integration of townscape"
It was necessary for study to explain some of the basic concepts such as the concept of urban integration ,historic cities centers access to the concept of visual integration, as well as the study of properties and relations visual for townscape .

The role of formal characteristics in harmony townscape holy city of Najaf - Case Study

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2015, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 172-196

This research deals with how to deal with the formal elements constituting the urban scene and its formal characteristics to achieve the phenomenon of harmony in urban centers through the construction of an integrated theoretical model for the phenomenon of ( harmony ) , it is determined through the basics and fundamentals of harmony and the main factors that depend on it and finding the values the formal characteristics of harmony and the degrees of harmony, and according to this perspective have been identified ,the major problem of the research is: the lack of clarity of the role of the formal characteristics of the elements of the formal components of the elevation in achieving harmony in townscape, so the goal of research is to: building theoretical framework for the phenomenon of harmony in the townscape in its comprehensive concept, and the most important results of the research to build a clear structure based on an inclusive concept of all factors and vocabulary influencing the phenomenon, the phenomenon of harmony is represented with the total characteristics of the formal elements of townscape at the level of the part and the whole, Each element depends on the total variables affecting them..