Print ISSN: 2617-9547

Online ISSN: 2617-9555

Keywords : Rhythm

Rhythm in Traditional Facades a Lanes of the old Mosul City

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2010, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 256-276

Maintaining the characteristic and identity is considered of great importance to today's architecture because it as an extension of the architecture of the past and a bridge to the architecture of the future. Rhythm is an important component in dedicating the architectural characteristic and identity as the comprehension of the basic fundamentals that have contributed in creating and maintaining architecture, are inspired by the characteristic that occupies a prominent place in architecture. Thus, the study is an attempt to expound the essential terms and basic fundamentals that are a pivot of rhythm in faced design in the old Mosul city. These terms are represented by relations and systems of (unit and variety, gradation, and contrast).
The study concluded that the rhythm controlling the design of these facades is more or less based on the components stated and more obvious and that the (Mosulian) architecture in special, has attached importance to the rhythm aspect is designing external facades which is clearly noted proving that this architecture possesses integrated thoughts in designing his architecture either in his interior facades or his external facades. This is a good indication of intellectual maturity of the (Mosulian) architecture in producing integral architecture with peculiarity embodied in one of the aspects of architectural designs which is rhythm.

Rhythm in the Cubic Architectural System

Asma Hasan Al Dabbagh

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2003, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 113-127

Recent architectural literature dealt with cubism as a movement ofart and Architecture directly or through a specified phenomenon which relates the two indirectly. This research deali with the System in Cubism according to the Structuralist Methodology which concentrates on three characteristics: Totality, Transformations and Seli-control. At its first stage this rescarch attempts to clarify these tlree characteristics concentrating on the architectural freld. It extacted the formal tools used to reinforce the system in the architectural product' too' Rhythm emerged amongst ihese tools, rhythm as a major tool was defined, its importance was pointed out and its types were demonstrated. At its second stage, the res'earch ried to explote the nature of rhythm in the Twenties Revivalism Approach. The results showed that architects use the layered rhythm in facades through the use of multi planes which include grids, walls and elements ilterfering with each other to achieve the totality of the facades , thus reinforcing its cubic system' The conclusions confirm that Twenties Revivalism Approach in architecture had been affected by cubism as a movement of art and supporting the context of some parts of literature.
تناولت بعض البحوث المعماریة الحدیثة الحرکة التکعیبیة من خلال علاقتها بالعمارة مباشرة أو من خلال ظاهرة محددة تربط الاثنین معا بطریقة غیر مباشرة ، بینما یتناول هذا البحث موضوع النظام فی التکعیبیة حسب المنهج البنیوی الذی یرکز على میزات ثلاث هی الکلیة والتحویلا والضبط الذاتی ، وقد حاول البحث توضیح کلا منها مع الترکیز على الحقل المعماری، وعلى الوسائل الشکلیة المستخدمة لتعزیزالنظام فی النتاج المعماری. برز منها وسیلة الإیقاع حیث تم تعریفه وبیان أهمیته وأنواعه، ثم سعى البحث فی مرحلته الثانیة إلى الکشف عن طبیعة الإیقاع فی توجه إحیائیة العشرینات ، وقد أظهرت النتائج استخدام معماریی هذا التوجه للإیقاع الطباقی فی الواجهات من خلال عدة مستویات تضم شبکات وجدران وعناصر تتداخل مع بعضها لتحقق کلیة الواجهات معززة بهذا نظامها التکعیبی. جاءت الاستنتاجات مؤکدة لتأثر توجه إحیائیة العشرینات فی العمارة بالحرکة التکعیبیة فی الفن، ومؤیدة لمضمون بعض الأدبیات السابقة.