Print ISSN: 2617-9547

Online ISSN: 2617-9555

Keywords : Baghdad City

Developing Green Infrastructure for Baghdad City

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2013, Volume 12, Issue 27, Pages 62-83

The public green spaces in Baghdad city have an obvious shortage and doesn’t fulfill and meet the needs of the population and the required open space criteria, moreover these green spaces are disjointed, disconnected and does not function as a unified system, that is why it suffers from neglect which contributes to deterioration of the city’s environment and increasing air pollution.
Human beings depended on nature into providing clean air and good health, with the growth of the population and the urban areas, there has been negative influence on the natural environmental system. A new term lately appeared “Green Infrastructure”especially in the developed countries (USA, UK and other countries in Europe), as one form of solutions to conserve the natural environmental system of green and open spaces. Consequently this thesis depended on this new green space approach to solve the green spaces problem in Baghdad city and suggested new sites in different locations in the city to be a new green spaces connected to the existing green spaces in Baghdad. This will increase the public green space areas, accessibility to these areas and social cohesion, it will also contribute to the improvement of the city’s environment by reducing air pollution and reducing air temperature especially during the long summer season. Other economic benefits could be achieved by planning for a connected network of green spaces in Baghdad city as well..

Policies to Develop Transportation Systems: Alawi Region in Baghdad City

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2013, Volume 12, Issue 27, Pages 36-57

Al-Alawi region is the most important transportation center of Al- Karkh district in the city of Baghdad, its importance to this district the same as the beating heart for the human body, where it has a number of privileges including association of all axes destinations movement that lead to important government institutions, such as building of the Iraqi Museum, the train station, government buildings and others. Many inside transportation vehicles move out and back to this center as well the external transportation vehicles do, either to the northern, southern, eastern and western sides of Iraq, or to the outskirts of the city of Baghdad. It is also surrounded by housing complexes vitality and tourism companies that deal with many kinds of travelers inside or outside Iraq, in addition of all that, it plays a great role in facilitating the movement of population to Rusafa, beside of its heritage and historical importance. Unfortunately, this region is currently experiencing high traffic jams and cross circulation between the movement of people and vehicles. From this point, we come to the definition of the research aim, which is that the importance developing policies and strategies to solve the problem of traffic congestion, and the intersection of movement between people and vehicles, and between vehicles themselves. To achieve the goal of this research we adopted several strategies that came in four axes, the first one discussed the problems of the study area, while the second one shows its analysis, secondly, then differentiation the theoretical framework, thirdly, at last concluding the applying operations are submitted which represented by electing four main items of detailed theoretical field, studies the process of questionnaire to the pioneers of that region, to reached the final results and come out with the conclusions that stresses on the need for separation between movement of people and vehicles and to develop the possible solutions such as placing the bridges and tunnels for pedestrians and vehicles, and electric trains, , and open additional streets, and activating the role of traffic signals, as well as the study of economic and social dimensions and services..