Keywords : Transformation
The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning,
2008, Volume 7, Issue 14, Pages 141-171
Urban transformation is one of the most dynamic properties for the city and its growth. The type of the functional and structural transformation assigns the approaches of thought of it inhabitants, if the transformation was natural, while it indicates serial of political and economical dissentions if it was a compulsory transformation.
The research affirmed upon studying the global transformation within the urban structure at the level of (part) and the level of (whole). Literatures review was made on research that dealt with concept of transformation in general and the transformation within the urban structure in particular. The research problem was defined as:” There is no obvious conception about the effect of the urban nodes on the global transformation within the urban structure, and the research hypothesis “urban nodes represent a transformation core within the urban structure”.
The urban nodes defined as; the parts of the urban structure that contain human activity as the soque or mosque in the Islamic cities, in addition to political and social nodes.
The research main goal was “defined the relation indicators and measurements between urban nodes and global structure of the city.
To achieve the research object the following methodology was adopted:
1- Deduce the theoretical frame for the concept of the transformation within the urban structure.
2- Explain the relation between the part and the whole within the urban structure.
3- Defined the indicators and measurements.
4- Examines the research hypothesis in actual urban structure.
The city of Sulaimaniya was chosen for the case study regards as a model for the urban structure that testified structural transformations at the part and the whole level.
By using the space syntax method and the applications of the GIS in urban analysis the research concluded that “the architectural nodes represent a transformation core within the urban structure when the transformation achieves global connections between local nodes that connected to the city collective memory, in order to create a globally integrated urban structure by connecting local nodes.