Print ISSN: 2617-9547

Online ISSN: 2617-9555

Keywords : Iraqi Architecture


The Influence of Beliefs on Iraqi Architecture Continuity & discontinuity with belief architecture

Ibrahim Jawad Al-Yousif; Riyam Rajab Fenjan Al-Amara

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2019, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 42-54

Abstract
Continue or discontinue scope between the previous & the current architecture and their relation to the future requires orientation to know their references related to many beliefs considering it Cultural & historical values give to architecture local identity. It also defines the degree of relationship between the human, society and its connection to the place. The beliefs are appeared by creating architecture link to cultural heritage and it is expressed by using the technology of the era. This research introduced many architectural studies to determine the research problem, which was "Lack of knowledge about the belief effect on architecture production in deferent periods, and its role to inquiry continuity & discontinuity between the past and present". The study goals are to clarify the impact of belief on the Iraqi architectural production at different periods, extending from the emergence of Iraqi architecture to the present, and to affect the differing belief at formulation structure on the level of the exterior of the building: By dividing the effect of belief into four positions. "The prevalence of religious beliefs – Multiple beliefs – Lack of beliefs – emergence new beliefs". Each position differed in its treatment according to the time limit with adopting models designed in one of position or with two together to indicate the impact of different belief in them. This research reached many conclusions and recommendations for achieving the research objective. 
المستخلص: یتطلب البحث فی مدى التواصل أو االنقطاع بین عمارة الماضی والحاضر وعالقتها بالمستقبل، التوجه لمعرفة مرجعیاتها، المرتبطة فی تناول البحث معتقدات وصفت بأنها قیم حضاریة وتاریخیة وثوابت تعطی للعمارة هویتها المحلیة. إن االهتمام بدور المعتقدات، مفهوما وأبعادا وأنواعا وتأثیرها على الفرد والمجتمع ومن ضمنها تأثیرها على العمارة تظهر فی کیفیة أنشاء عمارة ترتبط بالموروث التاریخی وتعبر عنها باستخدام تکنلوجیا العصر. یهدف البحث إلى د ارسة واستق ارء دور المعتقد فی النتاج المعماری الع ارقی خالل فترة )1960-2003 ،)لذا تطرق البحث إلى الد ارسات المعماریة وغیر المعماریة وصوال إلى بیان الفجوة المعرفیة التی تمثلت بعدم وضوح دور المعتقد فی النتاج المعماری فی فت ارت مختلفة من تاریخ العمارة الع ارقیة. وعلى ضوء ذلک تحددت المشکلة البحثیة " غیاب التصور الکافی عن أثر المعتقد على نتاجات العمارة العراقیة ودورها فی تحقیق التواصل بین الماضی والحاضر ". حیث ان أثر اختالف المعتقد فی النتاج على مستوى الشکل الخارجی للمبنى من خالل تقسیم أثر المعتقد إلى ثالثة مواقف )تعددیة المعتقدات، انعدام المعتقدات، ظهور معتقدات جدیدة(، اذ اختلف کل موقف فی أسلوب تعامله مع المعتقد وبحسب الفترة الزمنیة، مع اعتماد نماذج صممت ضمن أحد تلک المواقف أو عاصرت موقفین معا، لبیان أثر اختالف المعتقدات فیها، لینتهی البحث إلى عدد من االستنتاجات والتوصیات الخاصة بتحقیق هدف البحث.

Place Identity of Residential Environment in Iraqi Contemporary Architectural Trends and its Impact on Academic Architectural Product

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2010, Volume 9, Issue 19, Pages 101-119

Iraqi contemporary architecture is characterized with rise of some trends associated with Iraqi pioneers who had various attitudes in expressing place identity. Two main trends which are swinging between the conservative one who adopts the domestic architectural heritage and the second trend who tends to follow international architectural tendencies entirely could be mentioned .
Today, in spite of these trends are more than fifty years old , there still some argument about this issue. The architectural works reflect more variation and ambiguity in expressing the contemporary local environment with no serious attempts to have a stable background for this case .
Within such situation , this paper tries to explain the role of academic institutions in dealing with this issue as these institutions are producers of new generations of architects who could be motivated to have a positive participation in local environment . A sample of third year students works concerning housing projects is selected for the study.
Key words : Architectural identity, Place identity, Iraqi architecture, Residential architecture, Architectural education .
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