Print ISSN: 2617-9547

Online ISSN: 2617-9555

Author : Salman, Abdullah Saadoon


Sustainability Systems in Architecture

Abdullah Saadoon Salman; Tuqa Mahmood Hameed

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2020, Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 13-24

The research deals with the concept of sustainable systems as one of the influential concepts in the process of architectural design, as it is defined as "the integration of natural systems with human patterns according to a multi-dimensional design approach to give continuity and exclusivity to the product". The research aims to clarify the strategy of sustainable architecture systems as well as their principles and dimensions. In order to address the research issue and achieve the objectives of the research and to verify its hypothesis, a knowledge framework was first built, then a comprehensive theoretical framework for sustainable architecture systems. Sustainable architectural systems, then an exploratory study assessing the quality level, and finally reached a set of conclusions that provided for a correlation between the duality of "architecture systems and sustainability systems", and in terms of: "engineering, and functional"; Its philosophy lies in its simulation of natural systems, both formally and practically.
 
 
یتناول البحث مفهوم النظم المستدامة کأحد المفاهیم المؤثرة فی عملیة التصمیم المعماری، إذ تعرف على انها "تکامل الانظمة الطبیعیة مع الانماط الانسانیة وفق منهج تصمیمی متعدد الابعاد لإعطاء الاستمراریة والتفرد للنتاج"، وبذلک تتحدد المشکلة البحثیة فی (بلورة تصور نظری شامل عن نظم الاستدامة فی العمارة). ویهدف البحث إلى توضیح ستراتیجیة نظم العمارة المستدامة فضلا عن مبادئها وأبعادها, وبناءا علیه یفترض البحث أن لمؤشرات النظم المستدامة أثر ایجابی فی صیاغة النصوص المعماریة. ولغرض معالجة القضیة البحثیة وتحقیق أهداف البحث والتحقق من فرضیته تم أولا بناء أطار معرفی، ثم أطار نظری شامل لنظم العمارة المستدامة استخلص من الطروحات المعماریة والطروحات الساندة لیتجسد بصیغته النهائیة فی ثلاثة مؤشرات رئیسیة, وهی: ستراتیجیة نظم العمارة المستدامة, ومبادئ نظم العمارة المستدامة، وابعاد نظم العمارة المستدامة، ثم عمل دراسة استکشافیة تقیم مستوى جودتها, وأخیرا تم التوصل إلى مجموعة من الاستنتاجات التی نصت على وجود علاقة تعالقیة بین ثنائیة "نظم العمارة, ونظم الاستدامة", ومن الناحیتین: "الهندسیة, والوظیفیة"؛ نظرا لأثرهما کمداخل بیئیة وبیومناخیة وایکولوجیة إذ تکمن فلسفتها فی محاکاتها للنظم الطبیعیة شکلیاً وعملیاً مما ینسق العلاقات الفراغیة بین المبنى والبیئة المحیطه به ویضمن دیمومتهِ.

Design requirements for contextual integration for train stations (Iraqi stations as a model)

Abdullah Saadoon Salman; Ammar Dhumad

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2019, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 28-41

Abstract
The buildings of the railway stations are one of the important buildings that distinguish the cities and give them their identity and their special character through their association with the memory of the society that contains them. The importance of these centers as commercial and cultural centers, as well as their main function in transporting passengers and goods, To the atrophy of its effectiveness, so it must be protected and developed to contribute effectively in the performance of its diverse activities in an integrated manner and to serve the community at various levels and encourage the use of public transport. Therefore, many studies dealing with the concept of contextual integration of train stations have been discussed in an implicit or major manner. However, these studies were characterized by selectivity and lack of comprehensiveness in the treatments, especially with respect to the aspects of the contextual integration of the station in terms of design. Thus, the research problem was identified "the need to create a comprehensive theoretical view of the concept of contextual integration in the design of attractive local train stations " was identified. The aim of the research is to "crystallize a comprehensive theoretical conception of the aspects of contextual integration in the design of attractive local train stations".
المستخلص: تعد أبنیة محطات القطارات واحدة من المبانی المهمة والتی تمیز المدن وتعطیها هویتها وطابعها الخاص من خالل أرتباطها بذاکرة المجتمع الحاوی لها، أذ تبرز أهمیتها بکونها م ارکز تجاریة ًة الى وظیفتها الرئیسة فی نقل الرکاب والبضائع. وثقافیة أضاف تعانی المحطات المحلیة من سوء أدارة وتوجیه مما یؤدی بصورة او بأخرى الى ضمور فعالیتها، لذا وجب حمایتها وتطویرها لتسهم بشکل فعال فی تأدیة نشاطاتها المتنوعة بصورة متکاملة ولخدمة المجتمع بمختلف مستویاته وتشجیعه على أستخدام النقل العام ، ولذلک تم مناقشة العدید من الدراسات التی تناولت مفهوم التکامل السیاقی فی تصمیم محطات القطارات بصورة ضمنیة أو رئیسة ، إال أن هذه الدراسات اتسمت باألنتقائیة وعدم الشمولیة فی المعالجات بما یتعلق بجوانب التکامل السیاقی للمحطة من حیث التصمیم، وبذلک تحددت مشکلة البحث المتمثلة بــ " الحاجة الى ایجاد تصور نظری شامل لمفهوم التکامل السیاقی فی تصمیم محطات القطا ارت المحلیة الجاذبة " لیبرز هدف البحث فی " بلورة تصور نظری شامل لجوانب التکامل السیاقی فی تصمیم محطات القطارات المحلیة الجاذبة".

Ethics of architectural education in academic institutions

Abdullah Saadoon Salman

The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 2019, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 18-27

Abstract
The research deals with the concept of moral education as one of the most influential concepts in the process of teaching the foundations of architectural design. It defines it as "an integrated educational program organized according to the highest moral values ​​within an academic institution concerned with architecture. Its program consists of three main elements: Educational and assessment tools and assessment, and requires reliability and quality Crickshten for the maintenance of architecture as a profession to the level of comprehensive or partial reform, which requires professors to perpetuate the modernization of methods of moral architectural education as well as the development, resulting in innovative architectural texts Individual and society", thus research problem is in the (development of a comprehensive theoretical perception about the ethics of education architecture). Therefore, the research aims at clarifying the strategy of the moral education of architecture as well as its foundations and the methods of evaluating its quality. Accordingly, the research assumes that the indicators of the ethics of architectural education have a positive effect in the formulation of creative architectural productions. In order to address the research issue and achieve the objectives of the research and validation of the hypothesis was first built knowledge framework, and then a comprehensive theoretical framework of the ethics of architectural education derived from the architectural ideas and support to be embodied in final form in three main indicators, namely: the strategy of moral education for architecture, and the foundations of moral education of architecture, And then an exploratory study evaluating the quality of education and its ethics in the Department of Architecture / University of Technology. Finally, a set of conclusions were reached which show the control of the practice of architectural education according to all its indicators Creative abstraction.